James Hubbard, M.D., M.P.H.
by James Hubbard, MD, MPH What happens if you twist your ankle so badly that you don’t know whether it’s sprained or broken? I get that question a lot on my post about clues to a possible fracture. “I twisted my ankle in basketball. Is it broken?” “It’s really swelled up. It hurts a lot. Is it broken or sprained?” My answer? I don’t know. I can’t tell without a physical exam. And even then, my diagnosis would need to be confirmed with an X-ray because lots of times, breaks and sprains have the same symptoms. So, as you might imagine, in a survival situation without an X-ray, diagnosis and treatment will get tricky even for medical professionals. […]