I hope you never stop a nose bleed like they do in the movies. If you do, you just might bleed to death.
Here’s a typical scene: The hero has been punched in the face and his nose is bleeding pretty badly. He sits down, tilts his head back, and pinches the bridge of his nose or applies an ice pack to that area. Well, at least they get one thing right.
Movie Nose Bleeds: Rights and Wrongs
Step 1: Sit.
If you don’t feel faint, sitting is preferable to lying. It lowers the blood pressure to the bleeding blood vessel. It’s like a water hose. The higher you lift the nozzle, the less water pressure there is and the easier it is to stop the flow with your thumb.
If you feel dizzy, go ahead and lie down, or put your head between your knees. The bleeding may be a little harder to stop, but at least you’ll remain conscious and not incur an additional injury.
Step 2: Tilt your head back.
Step 3 (a): Pinch the bridge of your nose.
This does nothing to stop the bleeding. You need to pinch together the fleshy part of your nostrils, below the bony part, for about ten minutes. This applies pressure to all the blood vessels in that part of your nose and stops the bleeding if it’s coming from there. And odds are, it is.
Step 3 (b): Apply ice.
It’s true that ice can constrict blood vessels, decreasing blood flow and pressure to the bleeding area. But direct pinching, at least initially, is much more effective, and it’s hard to do both. Besides, the bleeding is almost certainly coming from a blood vessel in your nasal septum (that thin bone that separates your nostrils). A cold pack may help external bruising and swelling but is not going to make much of a temperature difference at the nasal septum.
>> Click here for The Survival Doctor’s Guides: Ultimate survival for action heroes—when you’ve just survived a knife fight and run from a burning building but can’t go to the hospital because corrupt cops will find out where you are. (Story of our life!)
How to Keep the Bleeding Stopped
If your nose has stopped bleeding, be sure not to pick at the scab or knock it off by blowing too hard. Consider using antibiotic ointment in your nose or saltwater nose spray to keep the lining moist.
How Far Does the Cotton Go?
As long as you just use your finger for the packing (not a small utensil), you shouldn’t be able to stuff cotton or cloth past the main nostril area—and you don’t want to because that would make it hard to get out. As you know if you’ve ever stuck your finger up your nose, the opening becomes very small toward the top.
These are some potential complications from packing your nostrils:
- Trauma to the delicate nasal lining. Be as gentle as you can.
- Bleeding as a result of trauma.
- Infections, even abscesses, which may require antibiotics.
- Sinus infections as a result of stopping up the sinus openings and which may require antibiotics.
If your nose is still bleeding after ten minutes of pressure:
- Pinch just one nostril at a time to see if you can figure out what side is bleeding. Sometimes it’s both.
- Pack the bleeding side (or both, if both are bleeding) with something small enough to stuff in the nostril but large enough to give adequate pressure to stop the bleeding. Lubricate the packing with petroleum jelly or antibiotic ointment if available.
Several cotton balls make a good stuffing, but you need to push them in deep enough that it actually feels uncomfortable, and you need to have forceps or tweezers or something to get the cotton balls out later. A tampon works well because you can stuff it in and it will expand with the moisture of the bleeding. Also it has a string attached so you can pull it out later. If nothing else, you can use a piece of cloth. Rip it to size and start stuffing.
If this packing stops the bleeding it needs to stay in twenty-four hours minimum. Forty-eight hours is better. Keep a piece of tape over that nostril to keep the packing from loosening, or even falling out.
- One other thing you might consider is spraying the packing with some blood vessel constrictor, like Afrin or Neo-Synephrine, before you put it in. Don’t do this if you have high blood pressure though, even if your blood pressure is being treated and under control. These vasoconstrictors have a tendency to raise it too much.
If your nose bleed continues despite packing but stops bleeding when you pinch the nostril shut, your packing is probably not in tight enough. Stuff a little more, or try repacking.
Coming Thursday: Nose Bleeds 2: River of Blood (or what to do if your nose bleed continues despite all this).
What about you? Have you ever had to pack your nose, or have it done? How did it work? How did it feel?
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- What Does Green Snot Mean? 13 Cold and Flu FAQs
- Video: How to Stop a Cut From Bleeding
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Photo: Flickr/Fran is out of step.